New Kingdom, second half of XVIII Dynasty, ca. 1400-1292 B.C.E.
Wood, bone, modern fiber, 35 7/16 x 17 15/16 x 18 5/8 in. (90 x 45.6 x 47.3 cm)
Brooklyn #37.40E, Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund

"An Egyptian carpenter manufactured this chair using wooden mortises and tenons (tongue-and-groove joints) and pins called dowels. Many of the ancient wooden dowels are still visible just above the point where the legs meet the seat. The carpenter filled in the space surrounding the tenons on the back support with an adhesive made from animal protein ("hide glue") mixed with powdered white minerals. Although animal-based adhesives have been used in Egypt continuously from antiquity to today, the condition of the mortises and tenons suggests that they are original. The woven fiber seat was added to the chair in 1958, but examination of the fibers in the frames reveals that in antiquity four strands were laced through each opening." (From Brooklyn Museum website)

You can see the legs are based on stylized animal legs. The Metropolitan museum has an ivory leg from the First Dynasty shaped like a bull's leg:

Leg from a bed or chair

Photos © Joan Ann Lansberry, May 2012